• Seixas M, Virgens J, Barrouin S, van Herk A. Consciência Na Substituição Do Uso de Animais No Ensino: Aspectos Históricos, Éticos E de Legislação. Revista Brasileira de Direito Animal, 2010, 6(5): 71–96
  • Selden NR, Origitano TC, Hadjipanayis C, and Byrne R. Model-based simulation for early neurosurgical learners. Neurosurgery.2013 Oct;73 Suppl 1:15-24.
  • Seymour N. VR to OR: A review of the evidence that virtual reality simulation improves operating room performance. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY. 2008 FEB; 32(2): 182-188
  • Seymour NE, Gallagher AG, Roman SA, O'Brien MK, Bansal VK, Andersen DK, Satava RM. Virtual reality training improves operating room performance: results of a randomized, double-blinded study. Annals of Surgery 2002;236(4):458-63; discussion 2002 Oct:463-4
  • Shadab GGHA, Zeeshan MD, Kunnathodi F, Akbarsha MA. Outcomes of efforts of Mahatma Gandhi – Doerenkamp Center (MGDC), India, to replace animal dissections in life science and biomedical science education [abstract]. ALTEX. 2011;28(Special Issue):223. Abstract 215.
  • Shafiezadeh S. Replacement of Animal Experiments at Shahid Beheshti University, Iran. Paper presented at: Alternatives in the Mainstream: Innovations in Life Science Education and Training. 2nd InterNICHE Conference; 2005 May 12-15; Oslo, Norway
  • Shamim Khan M, Ahmed K, et al. Development and implementation of centralized simulation training: evaluation of feasibility, acceptability and construct validity. BJU Int.2013 Mar;111(3):518-23.Epub 2012 Aug 29.
  • Shankhapal V, Dalvi R and Ladukar O. Alternatives to animal dissection in teaching veterinary anatomy [abstract]. ALTEX. 2009;26(Special Issue):223. Abstract 478
  • Sharma KK , Akbarsha MA , Sharma V , Sharma N, Sharma N. Live zoology and digital technologies as effective alternatives for animal use in zoology curriculum: A success story from MDS University Ajmer, India. Paper presented at: The Three Rs - Together it's possible. 8th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences; 2011 Aug 21-25; Montreal, Canada
  • Sheckter CC, Kane JT, Minneti M, Garner W, Sullivan M, Talving P, Sherman R, Urata M, and Carey JN. Incorporation of fresh tissue surgical simulation into plastic surgery education: maximizing extraclinical surgical experience. J Surg Educ.2013 Jul-Aug;70(4):466-74.Epub 2013 Apr 30.
  • Shehnaz S, Sreedharan J, Mathew E, Gomathi K, Sami Khan N. Willingness to spare animals in undergraduate medical education in Southern India: a preliminary questionnaire-based investigation. Altern Lab Anim. 2011 Dec; 39(6):557-566
  • Shehnaz SI, Sreedharan J, et al. Do faculty in Southern Indian medical colleges support animal use in postgraduate educ more than in undergraduate educ?. ATLA.2012;40(3):165-174.
  • Shi C, Zhouxian P, Yanyan W, Zhaoqi G, Man L, Ze L, Huijuan Z, Yong Y, Wuyang S, Zhen S, Jun Z, Hui P. The role of three-dimensional printed models of skull in anatomy education: a randomized controlled trail. Scientific Report
  • Siddighi S, Kleeman S, Baggish M, Rooney C, Pauls R, Karram M. Effects of an educational workshop on performance of fourth-degree perineal laceration repair. Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Feb;109(2 Pt 1):289-294
  • Sidhu RS, Chen J, Baxter K, and Wu H. Development of a comprehensive vascular skills assessment for surgical trainees. Am J Surg.2009 May;197(5):591-4.
  • Silsby J, Jordan G, Bayley G, Cook T. Evaluation of four airway training manikins as simulators for inserting the LMA Classic*. Anaesthesia. 2006 Jun; 61(6):576-579
  • Silva RMG, da Matera JM, Ribeiro AACM. Evaluation of the surgical technique teaching method using chemically preserved cadavers. [Portuguese] Revista de Educacao Continuada do CRMV-SP 2003;6(1/3):95-102
  • Silverman E, Dunkin BJ, Todd SR, Turner K, Fahy BN, Sukumaran A, Hagberg C, and Bass B. Nonsurgical airway management training for surgeons. J Surg Educ.2008 Mar-Apr;65(2):101-8.
  • Simkin DJ, Greene JA, Jung J, Sacks BC, Fessler HE. The death of animals in medical school. Engl J Med. 2017, 376(8): 713–715
  • Simon BD,Mackay l, et al. The reliability of multiple objective measures of surgery and the role of human performance. American journal of surgery. 2005;89(6): 747-752.